SaveEpirus Awareness Ride

Epirus is a geographical and historical region in southeastern Europe. It lies between the Pindus Mountains and the Ionian Sea, stretching from the Bay of Vlorë and the Acroceraunian mountains in the north to the Ambracian Gulf and the ruined Roman city of Nicopolis in the south.

A rugged and mountainous region, Epirus was the north-west area of ancient Greece. It was inhabited by the Greek tribes of the Chaonians, Molossians, and Thesprotians, and home to the sanctuary of Dodona, the oldest ancient Greek oracle, and the most prestigious one after Delphi. Unified into a single state in 370 BC by the Aeacidae dynasty, Epirus achieved fame during the reign of Pyrrhus of Epirus who fought the Roman Republic in a series of campaigns. Epirus subsequently became part of the Roman Republic along with the rest of Greece in 146 BC, which was followed by the Roman Empire and Eastern Roman Empire.

Today Epirus is facing a threat with catastrophic consequences for the environment, livestock farming, crops, livestock farming, and the ever-growing tourist product. Exports of hydrocarbons (oil and gas) pose a threat to public health and a serious deterioration of the protected areas of Epirus.

Epirus is one of the few areas in Europe that has such healthy ecosystems. Epirus has the richest and cleanest water reserves in Greece, which are in turn at risk.

SaveEpirus Awareness Ride

Spring 2020

The SaveEpirus Adventure Ride is a mission to raise awareness and help preserve our most valuable asset, our rich national environment. All our friends and contributors are true ambassadors of healthy and respectful Adventure Life, wandering every corner of Greece, showcasing this natural treasure. With a full spectrum of focuses ranging from supporting nature educators and photographers to producing adventure and historical material, Mythical Routes is at the forefront of landscape protection and improvement.

We are organizing an Adventure Awarness Ride to Epirus in the spring of 2020 (end of May / start of June), with offroad riding, hiking, camping and other epic activites that we hope will showcase this natural treasure and help protect the future of Epirus.

* To get participation requirements, exact dates, tour itinerary and much more, please inquiry at:

Mythical Routes Expeditions

KTM 790 ADV-R vs BMW F850GS

We have been switching between KTM and BMW for the last 15 years and have owned most of their motorcycle milestones. Even though most of these motorcycles are great for all-round purpose, one always stood out for pure adventure riding, so the bet was to find a genuine replacement for the KTM 990 Adventure R, the best twin-cylinder adventure motorcycle ever created.

Join our Central Greece Adventure for an epic trip, testing in real-life adventure conditions the brand new KTM Adventure 790 R head to head against it’s best rival today, the BMW F850GS Rally and KTMs most hardcore incarnation yet, the KTM 950 Super Enduro R.

BMW F850GS Rally


Last year we switched back to BMW and it’s brand new F850GS Rally, the best-suited model for our needs. Its 21″ front wheel, relatively lightweight and use of chain instead of shaft drive made it ideal for off-road adventure. We wanted something easy to ride, comfortable enough and able to carry our luggage. Also, since we ain’t getting any younger, cruise control, heated grips and electronic assistance were welcome. We also installed the optional BMW rally pegs since the OEM are not suited for riding in a standing position and AltRider 1” bar risers to help handle the many kilometers in standing position.

The twin BMW inline engine of the F850GS operates flawlessly and performs exactly how an adventure motorcycle engine should. It delivers enough torque to wheelie when it is required and produces minimal vibration, contrary to BMWs boxer engines. Brakes are fairly good with strong initial bite and can handle very well the excess heat generated in adventure riding conditions. The rear brake has an excellent feeling and in the “Enduro Pro” mode helps ride the motorcycle with controlled slides while keeping the ABS on for the front system.

The F850GS is a fantastic motorcycle to ride on the tarmac and feels like a proper street bike making you feel very safe. It is stable in all speeds, has moderate wind protection but zero helmet buffeting and is one of the most comfortable bikes we have ever ridden, with the optional comfort seat. It also features a nice quick shifter system, with a not so nice feeling of the gear lever, and a full off-road electrics package called “Enduro Pro” that helps you ride fast and safe.

When riding the middleweight beemer off-road in a seated position, or with slow sub 45km/h speeds, it performs flawlessly. Once you get excited and start asking for more the GS starts showing its various construction limitations with the lack of a proper suspension being the most notable. The front suspension keeps bottoming out as soon as you hit something hard, making the need for engine protection a true necessity since it keeps hitting every extruding rock. We addressed that with the built-as-a-tank construction of an AltRider skid plate.

A second side effect of the same problem is that even though it feels comfortable at low speeds, as soon as speed rises above 50-60 km/h every generated force is poorly damped and directed to the entire front system and your wrists. Another suspension problem emerger when the terrain became hard with planted rocks and the ESA equipped GS makes it impossible to find traction because of its very slow, non-adjustable, rebound setting.

In our opinion, if BMW had raised the bar on the F850GS suspension system we would be talking about a completely different motorcycle, very suited for all purposes and possible best adventure middleweight contender. It kind of reminds us of the HP2 Enduro that had the geometry characteristics to be a Super Enduro rival but is stock form was seriously lacking in suspension.

KTM 790 Adventure R


After owning almost everything in the legendary LC8 range, from the touring-oriented 950/990 Adventure to the radical 950 Super Enduro we were eager to find out if the 790 would win where the 1090/1290 failed: to become a true successor of the 990, the benchmark in twin-cylinder adventure motorcycles. For 2019-2020 we have ordered a couple of KTM 790 Adventure R since we were pretty confident that the ingredients for success were there. The brand new 790R is behaving completely different from what it looks and it is the first time an adventure bike ever looked that weird!

Our 790R is fitted with almost every available from the KTM Power Parts and we added the AltRider 1″ bar raisers and swapped the pegs for a set of 3″ wide PivotPegs for added rider comfort. We also turned the upper handlebar clamps 180 degrees to move our shoulders in a more relaxed angle for standing up position. An issue we had with the KTM right out the box is with the fuel level indicator not working properly, hopefully, fixable with some future software update.

Also if you are using the S model taller screen as we did, the bike gets higher overall wind protection, but helmet buffeting is very annoying, so we ended using the stock smaller R screen. Nevertheless, the F850GS has a cleaner helmet airflow.

The ergonomic characteristics of the 790R are great since you fell “on” the motorcycle and not trapped “in” the motorcycle as per all GS designs. Only weird thing is that the position of the footpegs is a bit back from its ideal position, so you keep adjusting your foot every time you place it on the pegs. A possible reason for this is that your toes keep touching the lower part of the tank, especially if you are an 11+ US size boot.

Another issue with the 790 design is that the rear side fenders that hold the tools are some made from some sort of thermoplastic and when riding with the added weight of soft saddlebags rested on them, they become loose. As a matter of fact, in our 3 days tour, one side came apart from the bike while riding.

Riding the 790R KTM on road, the front high fender produces some tremble on the bars and the motorcycle wobbles after 150km/h with the std Metzeler Karoo 3. From the first few kilometers, the KTM feels super stiff and stopped to check the std suspension setting that the bike was delivered with. Our goal is to find the perfect long-distance adventure motorcycle and not some rally replica. The std setting was adjusted to comfort setting and immediately the 790R felt more friendly both on and off the road.

The geometry of the 790R is super crisp and you could say that it is a 950 Super Enduro with some specs from 950-990 Adventure. Typically KTM, power and throttle response was there to help you pass anything on your way. You simply open the gas and orange magic makes all obstacles disappear! Even though this is the first parallel-twin adventure motorcycle for KTM, and even though it lacks its ancestor’s engine displacement, it will be hard for any V-Twin like the 1090R and 1190R to escape it when ridden hard on gravel roads. Of course, when talking brute power, the Super Enduro will easily outrun it on a drag race.

The suspension is typical KTM. Perfect and precise transforming any gravel road to smooth tarmac. It’s better than the old std 950/990, but not as precise as the 990R was. Travel isn’t much, for KTM standards, but it’s enough. KTM electronics work and in the 790R work very well. As per engine management, there are many settings to choose from, but when chaced by two Super Enduros, maybe you should stick to “Rally Mode”. Even though electronically aided riding is the only way forward, many KTM purists insist that it takes all the fun away.

Talking to a Belgian friend about the 790R Rally mode and the 9 levels of engine management, he replied that his beloved Super Enduro has only two modes: full gas or no gas! He did order whatsoever one of the first European limited production 790R Rally models, so we will be making a future test of the updated suspension kit. Regarding electronics, even Chris Birch told us when we met him at the KTM Adventure Rally Bosnia that he keeps his bike electronics “on”. The minimum setting, but “on”. And this says a lot about the future of adventure motorcycles.

Conclusions


Riding both bikes on the tarmac has a similar feeling since both bikes feel light and agile. Both feel too small for your average north European rider (I am 1.88m tall) and for tarmac-only riding we would rather choose their bigger equivalents.
Comfort-wise there is no doubt that the F850GS wins any day and this is simply because it is excessively soft. You will get diving under heavy braking on both motorcycles, but except for the R1200/1250GS, there no other way to get soft suspension settings and avoid diving under braking or heavy acceleration. KTMs electronically assisted try on this with the anti-dive system on the 1290T simply never worked well.

On the other hand, when road conditions deteriorate or when you start asking for more than mere transportation, then the orange beast leaps away howling at the mountains. Then you get reminded that the “ready to race” motto is more than a catchword.

The last thing to consider is history if anyone is interested in that in an age where we keep swapping motorcycles faster than helmets. If the KTM 790, rumored to become an 890 next year, make such a long-lasting impact as the 950/990 did remains to be seen. The miderange BMW, on the other hand, will not last in time, since it is always growing under the heavy shadow of a bigger brother. BMW is aware of this and maybe this is the reason for their sudden change of motorcycle choice for the GS Trophy 2020. Maybe this is an effort to make the midrange parallel-twin a true protagonist in BMWs future.

We will be sticking with both brands for the near future, using them more according to their design. Time to go back for another Mythical Routes adventure.

Featured Gear


All BMW and KTM motorcycles featured in this article are the property of Mythical Routes, so there is no sponsoring involved in our review.
All Klim, Enduristan, and AltRider equipment featured in this article is provided by Most Wanted Warehouse, sales agents of all the above brands in Greece.

Sacred Astronomy

BOOK INFORMATION

Original title: Ιερή Αστρονομία

Author: George Baltoyannis

English language

Translation: Chris Loutroutzis

Editing: Lorraine Adams

Graphic design: Angelo Baltoyannis

eBook pagination: Angelo Baltoyannis

Ancient Greek Architecture

Design layout: Mythical Routes

Editor in chief: Angelo Baltoyannis

Copyright © 2019 Mythical Routes

Mobile friendly

€19.99

Download Sample (coming soon)

In a first world publication, a fascinating and in-depth research that reveals the true significance of Astronomy for Hellenism in Antiquity and how it was used practically for political, diplomatic and military purposes, combined with Greek mythology. In this book we examine how the spread of Hellenism over the geographical area was the result of the conquest of the Astral Tholos, which gave the Greek to acquire Geostrategic logic.

Prologue


EVERY NIGHT, THE CELESTIAL DOME,dominates over our Earth, and he who possesses it automatically becomes the Master of the Earth. In this book we will examine how the spread of Hellenism on the geographical space, was the result of the conquest of the Astral dome, a fact which positioned the Greeks in the advantageous position of acquiring a geo-strategical logic.
One can easily perceive, that all of this, has happened over a long period of time and we are nowadays unprepared to understand it’s importance, as the knowledge of the operation of the Celestial dome is a subject bypassed in modern education, and we jump straight into Space, ignoring that our current space successes are still based on the functions of the ancient Celestial dome.
It is a work spanning many centuries, which was carried out by many Greek Astronomers, of which we know only of 188. However, it is possible for us to acquire a completed education, by starting with common logic. During the course of our study however, we will be proceeding spherically around Knowledge, due to the fact that the World of the Ancients is multidimensional, and each of their conquests was also extended and applied into their social life.
This way we will discover our spiritual proximity to our ancient ancestors, even if we are separated by thousands of years. Even our own worship is the projection of their own decisions, as the ancient world was a world of research on all fields of human activity. If we accept as a fact that the World leader of today is situated in Washington, we will seek for the answers to the questions, who was the previous World leader, where was he, and what was his association to the modern world.
The whole process of research creates complex emotions, as we transition from one historical site to the other and from one dimension to another. And this is because the Celestial dome essentially does not exist; it is a fictional impression of the visual system, which the Ancient ancestor turned into a real and functional one, for future generations.
When, during a starlit night, we find ourselves away from the city lights and turn our gaze to the sky, we will see that it is filled with stars. The spectacle is amazing, however, every one deals with it in a different manner, depending on the emotion of the moment and his knowledge regarding the Earth. The initiated, when looking at the sum of constellations, he will start to point to Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, Draco, Cepheus and Cassiopeia and everyone will listen to him with bewilderment(im. ). Because we all know the great movie stars like Greta Garbo, James Dean, Humphrey Bogart and many others. But who might the stars on the sky be and who placed them there?
On a different day with a clear sky, if we are initiated in the art of reading this part of the celestial dome, we will see these sums of starts again, but in a different position on the Celestial dome. Then, we will begin to realize that movement plays an important role and that will be confirmed, the more we learn about the history of these constellations. If our interest on the Celestial dome continues, then we will notice more gatherings of stars, like Perseus, Andromeda and Pegasus, which periodically appear on the sky. Next, going back to the myth of Perseus, we will begin to realize that this celestial movement is associated to the myth and that all of this is a celestial theatrical direction. The movement of these stellar sums functions in a cinematographic way, where the scene changes depending on time. Naturally, our surprise will become even greater when these stellar gatherings assume a form(im.2) because the western civilization fought hard for the prevalence of form during the Byzantine period of iconoclasm. So, we will be searching for the director, like Stanley Kubrick, John Ford or even Francis Ford Coppola. This way, we will reach the point of comparison, seeking for the cast and crew of this celestial conception, to award them with the Oscar for the best script, direction and acting.
The major movie studios may have spent vast amounts for the promotion of the stars of the 7th art, but they never reached or exceeded the duration of the projection of Heracles, whom we see roaming among the stars. All of this represents a vast, time spanning work, carried out by many intellectuals of a different era, which we should examine in depth. Thus we will discover the mechanism, based on which this entire system functioned, to rate this body of work, the results of which are evident on the Celestial dome surrounding us. So then, to approach the projected figures of the “celestial cinematograph”, we will research the Heroes of mythology, who seem to have been actual individuals with personal lives and deeds, who, after their death, transitioned for some reason into the sphere of the imagination.

The researcher,

George Baltoyannis

 


Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – Celestial Dome of the Greeks (In General)

  1. Astronomy and Astrology
  2. Initiation to the astral dome
  3. Astral and geographical system
  4. Loose federation
  5. Celestial cinematograph
  6. Artistic and political choice

Chapter 2 – Heracles (In General)

  1. Historical framework
  2. Heracles and the stars
  3. The mythological course of Heracles
  4. Data analysis
  5. Orphic Template
  6. Coordinates
  7. Projection of the image
  8. Conclusions and the worship of Heracles
    I. Spherical logic
    II. Revival of Orphism
    III. Geostrategy
    IV. Worship of Heracles

Chapter 3 – Mnemonic summary of chapters 1 and 2

  1. Celestial dome
  2. Ecliptic
  3. Heracles

Chapter 4 – The secrets of special “effects”

  1. Anthropocentrism
  2. Astral design
  3. Astral aesthetics
  4. Celestial Dragon
  5. Astral chronology
  6. Chthonic Apollo

Chapter 5 – Integrated thought

  1. Colonial policy
  2. Cartography-Portolans
  3. Architect God
  4. Columbus
  5. Transcendence of Alexander the Great

 


Purchase your eBook today!

Learn about Geometry, Orientation and Layout of the Temples and Sacraments of Ancient Hellenism. Learn about the role of the Priests, the Gates of the Dead and the Gods, the axis of the Mysteries and the Sacred Way. An impressive amount of information and groundbreaking links that shed light on modern multi-religious reality.

To learn all this and much more order your eBook with the safety of Paypal. Do not forget to provide us with your e-mail, in order to receive the eBook!

 

 

Sacred Journey to Mystical Greece

BOOK INFORMATION

Original title: Ιερό Ταξίδι στην Μυστηριακή Ελλάδα

Author: George Baltoyannis

English language

Translation: Chris Loutroutzis

Editing: Lorraine Adams

Graphic design: Angelo Baltoyannis

eBook pagination: Angelo Baltoyannis

Ancient Greek Architecture

Design layout: Mythical Routes

Editor in chief: Angelo Baltoyannis

Copyright © 2019 Mythical Routes

Mobile friendly

€19.99

Download Sample (coming soon)

The well-known researcher and architect George Baltoyiannis, author of the best seller Sacred Architecture, becomes our precious guide to a unique trip to the most important ancient sanctuaries of Greece. These mystical key places, which with their energy and radiant wisdom supported the top culture that inspired and continues to inspire Humanity, come to life in front of our eyes, with all their glory and majesty. At the same time, through the “Sacred Journey”, the great work of the ancient Greek Priesthood is revealed in all its splendor and its decisive role in the development of a society that is still an unsurpassed pattern.

The book also interprets the logic of the Archaeological Sites, where the Architect constructs according to Vitruvius as a master master, serving the religion and political feasibility of the city-state, with knowledge of Geometry, History, Philosophy, Music, Medicine, Law and Astronomy.

Prologue


ENTERING THE “METRO” STATION OF ATHENS from Syntagma Square, in the large atrium of a stairway, on the right hand on the wall, there is a huge stratigraphy of the area. Suddenly then, you begin to realize that going forward to enter the train, you are on the ground of the 7th century B.C. Then, your eyes start to move up , until the stratigraphy brings you to your own time. Thus you understand that there is a thick layer of civilization beneath the streets of Athens, and there are very few cities in this world where the people have this luxury.
So you start to think, recreating history…Down here is where Solon the Athenian used to walk, who relieved anyone who was in debt from the Damoclean Sword of slavery with the “Seisactheia”. Slightly above Democritus of Abdera used to walk, who taught the atomic theory, and Zeno of Elea, the teacher of Pericles. But also Protagoras of Abdera, who was condemned by the Athenians for atheism, together with Socrates, Alcibiades and Plato with his student, Aristotle. A little higher above taught Chrysippus of Cilicia, on the same streets that the cynic Diogenes of Sinope used to walk. Somewhere there Epicurus of Samos could be found, who taught the release from the fear of death through “ataraxia”.
There is a lot to remember while you observe, in the various height of the statigraphy, pottery of various eras and graves of people, who once existed and lived just like you, but more dynamic. Now they are there, remaining still in the ground, but their spirit roams in the great hall, the shape of which gives the impression of a large box, in which many people race to catch the “metro” train.
This “Metro” station is a miniature of Greece, which resembles Pandora’s box, which once opened, releases many good and bad things, in a time sequence of consecutive civilizations, that draw from each other and their logic should be sought. So you exit the “Metro” station looking for the traces of these civilizations in the archaeological sites, each of which is a pebble of a mosaic that you should compose.
So then, you begin to observe that this mosaic is huge. It descends into the chthonic space and ascends to the celestial, and it keeps expanding into the cardinal points. Its composition is a time consuming process that requires patience, perseverance, method and practice, the experience of an old man and the flexibility of the young, but above all a spherical knowledge and great imagination, in order to get objective results. There will be errors and misfires, but these will start to become limited the less dogmatic you become. It is by this logic that we should enter each archaeological site, trying to comprehend the logic of the Ancients.

The researcher,

George Baltoyannis

 


Table of Contents

PART 1

  1. In General
    A. Logic of Space
    B. Political religious logic
    C. Territorial Dependency
  2. Acropolis
    A. Celestial Space
    POSITION 1
    POSITION 2 Parthenon B (Salamis – Pallini)
    POSITION 3 Parthenon C (Libya – Troy)
    Parthenon C1
    POSITION 4 Parthenon A (Eleusis – Braubrona)
    POSITION 5
    POSITION 6 Erectheion E (Libya – Parnitha)
    Parthenon C2
    B. Architectural Logic
    C. Chthonic Space
    D. Tribal Conflict
    POSITION 7 Erectheion D (Sicily – Mesopotamia)
    POSITION 8
    POSITION 9
  3. Mnemonic Summary
  4. Precession of the Panathenaic Games
  5. Beyond the Architectural composition
    A. Color Analysis
    B. Design Analysis
    C. Visual Image
    D. Religious Adaptation
    E. From Myth to History
    F. Cosmic Center
    G. Astral Geography
    H. Theater – Amphitheater
  6. Orphic Template

PART 2

  1. To the Land of the Dead
    a. Eleusis (ritual center of the Greeks)
    b. Sanctuary of the Cabeiri (religious center of the Thracian people)
    c. Delphi (Administrative religious center of the Greeks)
    d. Necromanteion (Death) (Western gate of mortals)
  2. To the mountain of the celestial gods
    a. Dodoni (Religious center of the people of Epirus)
    b. Dion (Religious center of the Macedonians)
  3. To the city of light
    a. Mythological park
    b. Braubrona (Athens children boarding house for girls)
    c. Delos (Life) (eastern Gate of gods)
  4. The 113th Olympic Games – 3628 B.C.
    a. Epidauros (hospital center of the Greeks)
    b. Olympia (sports center of the Greeks)
  5. To the homeland of Zeus
    a. Theocratic society
  6. Traveling to the stars

Purchase your eBook today!

Learn about Geometry, Orientation and Layout of the Temples and Sacraments of Ancient Hellenism. Learn about the role of the Priests, the Gates of the Dead and the Gods, the axis of the Mysteries and the Sacred Way. An impressive amount of information and groundbreaking links that shed light on modern multi-religious reality.

To learn all this and much more order your eBook with the safety of Paypal. Do not forget to provide us with your e-mail, in order to receive the eBook!

 

Sacred Architecture

BOOK INFORMATION

Original title: Ιερή Αρχιτεκτονική

Author: George Baltoyannis

English language

Translation: Chris Loutroutzis

Editing: Lorraine Adams

Graphic design: Angelo Baltoyannis

eBook pagination: Angelo Baltoyannis

Ancient Greek Architecture

Design layout: Mythical Routes

Editor in chief: Angelo Baltoyannis

Copyright © 2019 Mythical Routes

Mobile friendly

€19.99

Download Sample (coming soon)

Invasive and subversive research based on Architecture, Geometry, Orientation and the Layout of the Temples and Sacraments of Ancient Hellenism. The role of the Priests, the Gates of the Dead and the Gods, the axis of the Mysteries and Sacred Way, Alexander the Great and the Great Constantine.

 

Sacred Architecture explains the relationship between Religion and Construction through religious, historical and mythological events.

An impressive amount of information and groundbreaking links that shed light on contemporary political and religious reality. Here Philosophy, Science, Art and the Letters of ancient Greeks played a key role.

 

Prologue

As a Christian, researching a dead religion, such as the Olympian pantheon (twelve gods), it feels like something foreign which does not affect you emotionally. However, when you are reading mythology, you start to wonder how thousands of years ago people could engage in deeper reasoning than you and thus you are led to places where you face riddles impossible to imagine. Reading mythology you realize that you stand in front of a great religion, which you quickly become familiar with and you start to become enchanted by the wealth of knowledge. Things that held no meaning for you come to life in front of your eyes, and the rocks, the mountains or rivers acquire speech and grace, making your imagination travel far away.

You then start to realize that your ancestors did not live in a wild environment, but in an enchanting world, a paradise; your differences with them are minor and superficial. Then, you follow them in time and slowly approach and come to your own religion which you believe in and love.

However, all of a sudden fear is born and you want to explore your own space out of curiosity. You know that all the angels are watching you sternly from above, and you waver.

You know that someday you will die and you do not want to depart wondering if there is or what is life after death. And so you start to explore your own religion; going over every subject, opening books on the table, searching endlessly, and returning to the start, worrying that you might have reasoned incorrectly.

You are afraid that you will be disappointed, but you have confidence, knowing that whatever happens in the end, you will face it with courage. And as the ball of yarn unwinds, faces from history appear before you. You join their pieces like a mosaic in your thoughts, trying to figure out why your ancestor did this particular action or some other. You now compose their image, while struggling to understand them in their era. It is they who once determined your future with a command, before you even existed on Earth.

These are your thoughts as a man. If, however, you are also an architect, when you are tasked with constructing the temple of God, among your many other thoughts you will also have to create with your construction, the relationship between God and the faithful.

Then you start to search for God through the believer and come into contact with the priest, who is the connective link between the faithful and God. You assume sometimes the priest’s position and sometimes the believer’s to express the word, emotions or historical tradition through shapes. In this way you discover the symbols which, as soon as they are seen by the believer, will be recognized as divine and the believer will make them his own.

You then proceed from the shape to volume and from volume to architecture, creating internal empty spaces, in order for the believer to enter the temple and be embraced by God. The believer now feels the safety and love of God.

In a similar way you proceed to archeology, with the difference that you “reincarnate”E* to an architect of another era and through historical reasoning you try to capture the spirit of your fellow architect.

If you find out along the way that the path you are following does not tie in with your quest, then you try to look for the cause; another world now unfolds before you, the one that pre-existed, and thus you come into contact with previous worship, which takes you away, to the roots of the human race.

The researcher,

George Baltoyannis


Table of Contents

Part 1 – The Pre-Christian Infrastructure

A. Introduction
B. Change in Thinking
Axial Religious System
C. Geographical Conditions
D. Monotheism – Polytheism
Greek Mythology – Old Testament
E. Alexander the Great – Alexandria – Ptolemies – Palestine
Alexandrian Literature – Science
F. Orpheans – Pythagoreans – Philosophical Schools
Logic of Delphi
G. Old Testament – Thoughts

Part 2 – The Reform of Augustus

A. Religious Model
B. The Christian Model
The Reform of Augustus
Roman Politics
Religious Situation in Palestine
C. Crypto-Christians – Universality
Political Activities of the Apostle Paul
D. Conclusions

Part 3 – The Religious Extensions of the Ancient World

A. Coincidences and Opinions
Greek Mythology – New Testament and Alexander the Great
Jesus of Nazareth – Galiliee (Nazareth)
Nero : History’s Victim
Christian Political Progress
Global Pre-Christian Logic
1. China
2. Mound (Tomb) – Pyramid
3. Logic of the Pyramids
4. Astrology
5. Human processes
6. Cosmic Egg
7. America
8. Greco-Roman Level of Relations
9. Overseas Contacts
10. Homer’s World
11. Religious Periods
Nazarenes – Depiction of God – Man
B. Christian Religious Base
C. Architect God
Basilica (Analysis)
Greek Architectural Styles
Christian Logic
Holy Sepulchre
Greek Construction Teams
Domed Basilica
Religious Infrastructure
Imperial Interventions
Transfer of the Holy Lands
Christian Architecture
Metaphysical Processes in Alexandria
The Space-Time Dimension of Alexander the Great – Trade
Imperial Politics and Christianity
Furies – Fanaticism – Contract – Testament
Buddhism – Islam
Geographical Axes
Orphic Model of Alexandria
Metaphysical Experiments
Religious Interest of the Emperors
D. Mnemonic Summary
E. Major Gods Worshipped before the Christian Fathers
Apollo (Paragon)
Mithra
Asclepius
Is Alexander the Great Alive?
Jesus – Alexander the Great
The Tent of Alexander the Great
Epitaph
F. Christian Fathers of the Church

Part 4 – The Natural Phenomena – Sacred Way

A. Enceladus – Hephaestus – Apollo
B. Creating the Sacred Way
C. Achaeans
D. Function and Purpose of the Priesthood
E. Logic of the Sacred Way
F. The Hard Clerical Core
G. Secret Societies – New World Order


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Copyright © 2019 MYTHICAL ROUTES | All Rights Reserved

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, including photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the publisher, except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical reviews and certain other noncommercial uses permitted by copyright law. For permission requests, write to the publisher, addressed “Attention: Permissions Coordinator,” at the address below. For permission requests, send us an email or write at the address below:

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Learn about Geometry, Orientation, and Layout of the Temples and Sacraments of Ancient Hellenism. Learn about the role of the Priests, the Gates of the Dead and the Gods, the axis of the Mysteries and the Sacred Way. An impressive amount of information and groundbreaking links that shed light on modern multi-religious reality.

To learn all this and much more order your eBook with the safety of Paypal (PDF format) or download it directly from iTunes (ePUB format). When paying with PayPal do not forget to provide us with your e-mail address in order to receive your eBook.

Memories of the East

In 1961 George was in Rome studying architecture. In those days you could easily walk the streets of the Italian capital and admire its architectural monuments, taking ideas from the rich past of the Eternal City. There the style of the various eras focuses one’s gaze to be stamped on one’s memory. On 27 October, under the usual cloudy sky, he found himself near the Piazza Della Repubblica, heading towards the subway station when he approached some outdoor bookstores along the side of the road, which in those days were rich in printed material from another era.

His eye fell on a book that was bound in the old way and very worn on the outside. No one paid any attention to it. When he opened it, he remained transfixed on the old photos inside from the Middle East. It was an album of memories of a P. Balestra who had visited the area, perhaps in 1882. He doesn’t know why, but felt a strange attraction to that album; in spite of his financial difficulties, he bought it, haggling the already low price of 500 lire, about €0.26.

Ricordi d’ Oriente

The years have passed since then, but he often looked through it with friends and noticed everyone’s interest in it. So after 40 years, George decided to research the album, giving it the same title as P. Balestra had, “Ricordi d’ Oriente” – “Memories of the East”.

Mythical Books

The Mythical Routes project took form in 2017 and its website has served as an interactive instrument of knowledge, that helps spread the ideas and facts of Ancient Greek Architecture throughout the international community. In 2019 Mythical Routes Publications (Mythical Books) was formed to undertake the work of producing and publishing English electronic book versions (eBooks) of all the historical books written by George Baltoyannis, author of many best selling books in Greece. Supervision of all publications is done by architect and editor-in-chief Angelo Baltoyannis, contributor and illustrator of all original five Greek books:

  • Dionysus Revelation (Athens 1997)
  • Acropolis through the blue eyes of the goddess Athena (Athens 1998)
  • Sacred Architecture (Athens 2002)
  • Holy Sacramental Journey to Greece (Athens 2005)
  • Sacred Astronomy (Athens 2008)

 

Ancient Greek Architecture | Chthonic and Celestial


With more than 30 years of Historical research on the relation between Ancient Architecture and Ancient Religion, George’s books and theories have been embraced by the Università Degli Studi dell’Aquila in Italy, where he was invited several times to give lectures to the students. In addition, theories of the book Sacred Architecture have been integrated into the curriculum of the lesson “Elements of Geometry” of the University of Ioannina in Greece. Mr. Baltoyannis is the author of The Revelation of Dionysus and The Acropolis through the blue eyes of the goddess Athena. With Sacred Architecture, his third book, he became a best seller author and made a reputation for himself with his groundbraking theories. The following books are soon to be released in English translated text with updated designs and interactive features:

Memories of the East


In 1961 George was in Rome studying architecture. In those days you could easily walk the streets of the Italian capital and admire its architectural monuments, taking ideas from the rich past of the Eternal City. There the style of the various eras focuses one’s gaze to be stamped on one’s memory. On 27 October, under the usual cloudy sky, he found himself near the Piazza Della Repubblica, heading towards the subway station when he approached some outdoor bookstores along the side of the road, which in those days were rich in printed material from another era.

His eye fell on a book that was bound in the old way and very worn on the outside. No one paid any attention to it. When he opened it, he remained transfixed on the old photos inside from the Middle East. It was an album of memories of a P. Balestra who had visited the area, perhaps in 1882. He doesn’t know why, but felt a strange attraction to that album; in spite of his financial difficulties, he bought it, haggling the already low price of 500 lire, about €0.26.

The years have passed since then, but he often looked through it with friends and noticed everyone’s interest in it. So after 40 years, George decided to research the album, giving it the same title as P. Balestra had, “Ricordi d’ Oriente” – “Memories of the East”.

 

eBook Publishing


Mythical Routes can help you produce and publish many types of books with various formats, like free-flow ePubs and fixed-format PDFs, all fully interactive and Illustrated. For more information, please inquiry at:

Books at MythicalRoutes

 

Tour Packages

Our carefully planned Adventure Tours connect the most important archeological sites with each-other, giving emphasis on the adventure experience while riding through the breathtaking scenery of long mountain ridges, remote dragon lakes, and isolated mountain hi-planes.

Our carefully planned tour packages can be modulated to fit any touring need. You can ride with your own motorcycle accompanied by one of our experienced guides, or you can participate in one of our all-inclusive packages that provide everything but your airplane tickets.

We are partners with BMW Motorrad Vagianelis and KTM Mimikos Motorcore, so all of our motorcycles are carefully serviced with the highest standards and certifications available. For On-Road Tours we can provide almost any motorcycle from the GS range, and for  our Off-Road Tours we can provide selected options from the LC4 and LC8 range.

Motorcycle Tour Packages


Provided

Services

All

Inclusive

Economy

Tour

Budget

Tour

Guide

Only

Tour Guide
Motorcycle Rental
Allianz Insurance*
24/7 Road Assistance*
Motorcycle Fuel
Road Tool
Hotel with breakfast
 All Meals
Archeological Site
(ATH) Airport pickup
Klim Discount
Enduristan Discount
Price/Day** (incl. VAT) €360 €300 €240 €70
*Not valid for off-road tracks **Price is based on a 6 Riders Group with BMW F850GS Rental (panniers included & full casco insurance)

Live a Mythical Adventure with us!

All of our Adventure Tours come with a leading Tour Guide rider and the possibility of a support vehicle if required. The BMW GS range motorcycles we can provide are perfect for Greece’s terrain featuring a high loading capacity, ease of use and top of the line rider comfort. A complete list of the available GS motorcycles, provided services, motorcycle gear discounts and Enduro Training can be found in the links below:

Rent A Ride

Greece is a motorcycle paradise, blessed with majestic scenery and rich ancient history. Our climate is mild and there is almost no probation for riding off-road in amazing routes. Our carefully planned Adventures connect the most important archeological sites with each-other, giving emphasis on the adventure experience while riding through the breathtaking scenery of long mountain ridges, remote dragon lakes and resting under a million stars in isolated hi-planes.

Only when you ride with a local you can see the true face of this country.

While some say that nothing is better than exploring these lands on your trusted motorcycle, this is not always possible. For the biggest part of riders shipping their own motorcycle in Greece for a week or two just doesn’t worth the effort. Should this stop you? Certainly not since you can rent one from us!

We are partners with BMW Motorrad Vagianelis and KTM Mimikos Motorcore, so all of our motorcycles are carefully serviced with the highest standards and certifications available. For On-Road Tours we can provide almost any motorcycle from the GS range, and for Off-Road Tours, we can provide selected options from the LC4 and LC8 range.

ON-ROAD TOURS

BMW R1200GS

BMW F850GS

ON-ROAD / OFF-ROAD TOURS

KTM 790 ADV-R

KTM 690 ENDURO-R

All of our Adventure Tours come with a leading Tour Guide rider and the possibility of a Support Vehicle if required.

Motorcycle Rental Pricelist


MOTORCYCLE

MODEL

1-3

days

4-7

days

Damage

Deposit*

R1200GSA

(APR-MAY)

€160/day €150/day €1000
R1200GSA

(JUN-SEP)

€180/day €170/day €1000
R1200GS

(APR-MAY)

€140/day €135/day €1000
R1200GS

(JUN-SEP)

€160/day €150/day €1000
F850GS

(APR-MAY)

€125/day €120/day €800
F850GS

(JUN-SEP)

€140/day €130/day €800
790R

(APR-MAY)

€140/day €135/day €2500
790R

(JUN-SEP)

€160/day €150/day €2500
690R

(APR-MAY)

€125/day €120/day €1500
690R

(JUN-SEP)

€140/day €130/day €1500
 *Motorcycles used on off-road tracks are not covered by any insurance

Rental Price Includes


All above rental prices include VAT and the following services:

  • 24/7 Road Assistance (valid for BMW motorcycles only)*
  • Unlimited mileage
  • BMW Alarm (valid for BMW motorcycles only)
  • GPS tracking system (valid for BMW motorcycles only)
  • BMW Brake disc lock (valid for BMW motorcycles only)
  • Third-party liability cover by Allianz (valid for BMW motorcycles only)*
  • Full Casco Coverage by Allianz (valid for BMW motorcycles only)*
  • DOT-approved Off-road tires: add €40/day (valid for KTM 690 only)*
  • 15% Discount on any Klim pre-ordered item
  • 10% Discount on any Enduristan pre-ordered item

Extras (Not Included)


There are many additional options that we can provide on-demand in any tour package:

  • DOT-approved Off-road tires: add €40/day
  • Basic Off-road training (1 day): add €200
  • Advanced Off-road training (2 days): add €450
  • Rental of Klim waterproof Gore-Tex Jacket & Pant with D3O protection: add €30/day (Requires €650 refundable damage deposit)
  • Rental of Klim ECE Helmet: add €20/day (Requires €250 refundable damage deposit)
  • Rental of Enduristan 2×30lt saddlebags**: add €30/day (Requires €160 refundable damage deposit)
  • Rental of BMW Vario side panniers***: add €20/day (No damage deposit required)
  • Enduro/MX riding Boots. For any arrangements please contact us.
  • Land Cruiser 4×4 Support Vehicle (for luggage and non-riders): add €400/day dividable to group riders.
 *Not valid for off-road tracks **Enduristan saddlebags can be installed only on motorcycles with pannier frames ***BMW panniers can be installed only on motorcycles without pannier frames

Booking


  1. All BMW GS motorcycle rentals that will be used for on-road only use require a refundable €1000 warranty damage Deposit prior to departure.
  2. All KTM LC8/LC4 motorcycle rentals that are used in mixed or off-road tracks are not covered by any insurance and require a refundable €2500 warranty damage Deposit prior to departure.
  3. For valid insurance coverage, you will require to be over 25 years old and holder of an Internation Drivers license for over 2 years.
  4. For all necessary booking arrangements for our Mythical Routes Tours (hotels, tickets, etc) we will require a non-refundable €1500 Down Payment. If for any reason the tour is canceled by Mythical Routes, this payment is fully refunded.

Get 10-15% off Gear Discount


We are partners with the best adventure gear brands in the world, so with every participant in our tours, we give our clients the option to get the best with our Mythical discounts.

Win an awesome 15% discount on any Klim Pre-Ordered item and 10% discount on any Enduristan Pre-Ordered item

An exclusivity that we offer to our clients, is the option to rent KLiM riding gear from us, or the possibility to buy brand new KLiM riding gear with special discounts. We take riding experience and protection very seriously and with our Discount you can return home with a real bargain! To check all available KLiM models valid for this great offer, please visit KLiM in Greece.

All motorcycles can be equipped upon request with the OEM hard luggage system, or with the best possible luggage solution from Swiss-company Enduristan, like the Monsoon saddlebags and the Pannier Toppers that give a 100% weatherproof space for everything you might need. For a complete list of all available luggage options for purchase or rent, please visit Enduristan in Greece.

Save Epirus Project

Epirus is a geographical and historical region in southeastern Europe. It lies between the Pindus Mountains and the Ionian Sea, stretching from the Bay of Vlorë and the Acroceraunian mountains in the north to the Ambracian Gulf and the ruined Roman city of Nicopolis in the south.

A rugged and mountainous region, Epirus was the north-west area of ancient Greece. It was inhabited by the Greek tribes of the Chaonians, Molossians, and Thesprotians, and home to the sanctuary of Dodona, the oldest ancient Greek oracle, and the most prestigious one after Delphi. Unified into a single state in 370 BC by the Aeacidae dynasty, Epirus achieved fame during the reign of Pyrrhus of Epirus who fought the Roman Republic in a series of campaigns. Epirus subsequently became part of the Roman Republic along with the rest of Greece in 146 BC, which was followed by the Roman Empire and Eastern Roman Empire.

Epirus is facing a threat with catastrophic consequences for the environment, livestock farming, crops, livestock farming, and the ever-growing tourist product. Exports of hydrocarbons (oil and gas) pose a threat to public health and a serious deterioration of the protected areas of Epirus.

Epirus is one of the few areas in Europe that has such healthy ecosystems. Epirus has the richest and cleanest water reserves in Greece, which are in turn at risk.

The inhabitants of Epirus respond to these plans, forming an opposition movement of thousands of people who raise the issue at local, national and international level. Greater environmental organizations in the country and Greenpeace have been actively involved in the struggle of the local community as well as in all the collective organs of migrant Epirus.

By supporting the actions and by actively participating in this struggle, we help to preserve for us and the next generations the hydrological center of the country, the national parks with the rare animal species, the products with quality characteristics and the hygiene of the people living in this place.

Say No to Oil and Gas Extraction!

At a time when fuel is coming to an end, it is absurd for such an intervention to take place in Epirus. You can get all the latest news, help, support and follow the Save Epirus Project at their Social media links.

Meet Gregorio


All images in this article are provided by our friend, Mountain Engineer, Ocean Enthusiast and Coffee Lover Gregorio Papageorgiou Anriquez, a Commander of the Merchant Navy, with an origin from Epirus and Argentina!

He declares that he loves the sea and travels with his motorcycle around the world, hence the plethora of his photos from all over the world. Support his passion by following his Instagram account.

Epirus Awareness Ride


Both founding members Angelo and Paris Baltoyannis are originated from Epirus, so our involvement is personal. All Mythical Routes contributors are genuine ambassadors of the Adventure Life. We love to wander with our adventure motorcycles traversing every corner of Greece, trying to capture the natural beauty and essence of our landscape and our culture.

We are planning an Epirus Awarness Ride this summer with riding, hiking, camping and other epic activites that we hope will showcase this natural treasure and help protect the future of Epirus.

Pamir Highway

TOUR INFORMATION

Countries Visited:

  • Bulgaria
  • Georgia
  • Greece
  • Georgia
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Russia
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan

Best Riding Period: May – November

3/5 Cultural Shock

Historic Landmarks

  • Alexandria Eschate, Tajikistan
  • Alexandria in Margiana (Merv), Turkmenistan

National Park of ___

Tour FAQs

Rent A Ride

Packing List

Tour Starts / Ends in Glyfada, Athens

Total Mileage: 18.000 km (____ miles)

40 Riding Days

Riding Skills: Intermediate / Advanced

Off-road Percentage: 20%

Maximum Participants: 6 Riders/Group

4×4 Support Vehicle: Upon Request

Hotels, Hostels and Camping

T.B.D.

Spoken languages: Greek, English, Italian

Athens Airport (ATH) Transfer Included

Price T.B.D.

Brochure (coming soon)

The Pamir Highway captivating route was once part of the historic Silk Road. The M41, known informally and more commonly as the Pamir Highway (Russian: “Pamirsky Trakt”, Памирский тракт) is a road traversing the Pamir Mountains through Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan in Central Asia. It is the only continuous route through the difficult terrain of the mountains and serves as the main supply route to Tajikistan’s Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region. The route has been in use for millennia, as there are a limited number of viable routes through the high Pamir Mountains. The road formed one link of the ancient Silk Road trade route. M41 is the Soviet road number, but no road number is generally signposted along the road today, only destinations.

Khargush-Lake in Tajikistan (photo by Giannis Marousakis)

The Pamir Highway is one of the world’s greatest road trips and is known as the second highest altitude international highway in the world (4,655 m).

Geography

The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia, at the junction of the Himalayas with the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, Hindu Kush, Suleman, and Hindu Raj ranges. Tajikistan is home to some of the highest mountains in the world, including the Pamir and Alay ranges. 93% of Tajikistan is mountainous with altitudes ranging from 300 m (980 ft) to almost 7,500 m (24,600 ft), and nearly 50% of Tajikistan’s territory is above 3,000 m (9,800 ft).

The massive mountain ranges are cut by hundreds of canyons and gorges at the bottom of which run streams that flow into larger river valleys where the majority of the country’s population lives and works. The Pamirs in particular are heavily glaciated, and Tajikistan is home to the largest non-polar glacier in the world, the Fedchenko Glacier.

The Pamir Mountains lie mostly in the Gorno-Badakhshan province of Tajikistan. To the north, they join the Tian Shan mountains along the Alay Valley of Kyrgyzstan. To the south, they border the Hindu Kush mountains along Afghanistan’s Wakhan Corridor. To the east, they extend to the range that includes China’s Kongur Tagh, in the “Eastern Pamirs”, separated by the Yarkand valley from the Kunlun Mountains.

The snowcapped peaks of the Xinjiang Pamir Mountains rise above the Bulunkou River south of Kashgar, China.

Pamir Highway route through Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan

The Pamir Highway is part of the M41 highway, which starts at Termiz (37°12′39″N 67°16′20″E) and ends at Kara-Balta (42°49′40″N 73°52′53″E) to the west of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. The route is turning east and crossing into Tajikistan. It then follows a general eastward route through Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan, to Khorog, crossing the Kafirnigan, Vakhsh, and Bartang Rivers. From there, it continues east for about 310 kilometers to Murghab, where it crosses the Murghab River. The highway then passes through the 4,655-meter (15,270 ft) high Ak-Baital Pass and past Lake Karakul before crossing into Kyrgyzstan to its terminus in Osh. The stretch of road between Khorog and Osh attracts a small amount of tourism due to its rugged natural beauty.


Historic Landmarks

Alexandria Eschate, modern Khojand in Tajikistan (N40° 17.097′ E69° 37.108′)

Alexandria Eschate or Alexandria Eskhata (Greek Ἀλεξάνδρεια Ἐσχάτη), literally “Alexandria the Farthest”, was a city founded by Alexander the Great, at the south-western end of the Fergana Valley (modern Tajikistan) in August 329 BCE. It was the most northerly outpost of the Greek Empire in Central Asia. Alexandria Eschate was established on the south bank of the river Jaxartes (Syr Darya), at or close to the site of modern Khujand. According to the Roman writer Curtius, Alexandria Ultima retained its Hellenistic culture as late as 30 BCE.

Alexandria Eschate was the Northernmost outpost of the Greek Empire in Central Asia

Of the many cities founded by Alexander the Great, Alexandria Eschatê was probably the one that created most problems. From the very beginning, there were troubles; and this must have surprised Alexander, because the march to the river Jaxartes, in the early summer of 329, had been easy. The last resistance to his rule had vanished after his friend Ptolemy had captured the Persian leader, Bessus.

Now, he wanted to build a city on the bank of the river that was the boundary between Sogdia and the Hunger Steppe, which was inhabited by the Sacae. It was to replace an older city, which is called Kyreschata in the Greek sources and must render Persian Kuruškatha (‘town of Cyrus’). It was to be an important site because on the one hand, it was to be the empire’s northernmost military base, and a defense against the Sacan tribesmen, and on the other hand, it could be a base for a return to the west across the plains of Ukraine. The city also controlled the route to the lush Fergana Valley, where a road across the Pamir Range led to China. Probably, the Macedonians also wanted some rest after a war that had lasted five years.

Alexander was unaware of the subtle balance that in Sogdia existed between the nomads and the town dwellers. In southern Bactria, there were some well-established cities; in Sogdia, towns like Maracanda (Samarkand) and Nautaca coexisted with the nomads; but beyond the Jaxartes, nomads did not appreciate urban life. The Ma Saka (or Massagetes, as the Greeks called them) and Apa Saka (Abian Scythians) felt threatened and sent ambassadors; but the Sogdians near the new town choose not to negotiate and killed some Macedonian soldiers.

Alexander immediately retaliated and destroyed seven settlements in the neighborhood. The populations were deported and put to work, building the new city with a wall of 6 km length. Together with invalid Macedonians and Greek mercenaries, they were to be the new inhabitants of Alexandria. The remains of its walls and a couple of Hellenistic sherds have been found near modern Khodzent, but not much else has been excavated.

A fter defeating the Saka and a guerilla war, in which Alexander defeated Spitamenes, rest returned to Sogdia, although it was the rest of a graveyard, and new insurrections were to follow soon. Still, the city continued to exist and maintained close ties to the Seleucid Empire and its local successors, the Graeco-Bactrian kingdom and the Parthian Empire.

The city also also was part of the Silk road, which connected China with the Mediterranean. This also meant that the eastern frontier was open to invaders, and it appears that in the second century, Yuezhi nomads invaded Sogdia from Xinjiang. They took over the region, but it seems that the city retained some of its Greek character, if we are to believe the Roman author Curtius Rufus. The city is still mentioned as an important center by the seventh-century Chinese traveler Xuan Zang.


Accordion 3

Πρόσεξε στο τελευταίο που έχει το tag “last”

Geography

The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia, at the junction of the Himalayas with the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, Hindu Kush, Suleman, and Hindu Raj ranges. Tajikistan is home to some of the highest mountains in the world, including the Pamir and Alay ranges. 93% of Tajikistan is mountainous with altitudes ranging from 300 m (980 ft) to almost 7,500 m (24,600 ft), and nearly 50% of Tajikistan’s territory is above 3,000 m (9,800 ft).

The massive mountain ranges are cut by hundreds of canyons and gorges at the bottom of which run streams that flow into larger river valleys where the majority of the country’s population lives and works. The Pamirs in particular are heavily glaciated, and Tajikistan is home to the largest non-polar glacier in the world, the Fedchenko Glacier.

The Pamir Mountains lie mostly in the Gorno-Badakhshan province of Tajikistan. To the north, they join the Tian Shan mountains along the Alay Valley of Kyrgyzstan. To the south, they border the Hindu Kush mountains along Afghanistan’s Wakhan Corridor. To the east, they extend to the range that includes China’s Kongur Tagh, in the “Eastern Pamirs”, separated by the Yarkand valley from the Kunlun Mountains.

The snowcapped peaks of the Xinjiang Pamir Mountains rise above the Bulunkou River south of Kashgar, China.

Pamir Highway route through Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan

The Pamir Highway is part of the M41 highway, which starts at Termiz (37°12′39″N 67°16′20″E) and ends at Kara-Balta (42°49′40″N 73°52′53″E) to the west of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. The route is turning east and crossing into Tajikistan. It then follows a general eastward route through Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan, to Khorog, crossing the Kafirnigan, Vakhsh, and Bartang Rivers. From there, it continues east for about 310 kilometers to Murghab, where it crosses the Murghab River. The highway then passes through the 4,655-meter (15,270 ft) high Ak-Baital Pass and past Lake Karakul before crossing into Kyrgyzstan to its terminus in Osh. The stretch of road between Khorog and Osh attracts a small amount of tourism due to its rugged natural beauty.


Historic Landmarks

Alexandria Eschate, modern Khojand in Tajikistan (N40° 17.097′ E69° 37.108′)

Alexandria Eschate or Alexandria Eskhata (Greek Ἀλεξάνδρεια Ἐσχάτη), literally “Alexandria the Farthest”, was a city founded by Alexander the Great, at the south-western end of the Fergana Valley (modern Tajikistan) in August 329 BCE. It was the most northerly outpost of the Greek Empire in Central Asia. Alexandria Eschate was established on the south bank of the river Jaxartes (Syr Darya), at or close to the site of modern Khujand. According to the Roman writer Curtius, Alexandria Ultima retained its Hellenistic culture as late as 30 BCE.

Alexandria Eschate was the Northernmost outpost of the Greek Empire in Central Asia

Of the many cities founded by Alexander the Great, Alexandria Eschatê was probably the one that created most problems. From the very beginning, there were troubles; and this must have surprised Alexander, because the march to the river Jaxartes, in the early summer of 329, had been easy. The last resistance to his rule had vanished after his friend Ptolemy had captured the Persian leader, Bessus.

Now, he wanted to build a city on the bank of the river that was the boundary between Sogdia and the Hunger Steppe, which was inhabited by the Sacae. It was to replace an older city, which is called Kyreschata in the Greek sources and must render Persian Kuruškatha (‘town of Cyrus’). It was to be an important site because on the one hand, it was to be the empire’s northernmost military base, and a defense against the Sacan tribesmen, and on the other hand, it could be a base for a return to the west across the plains of Ukraine. The city also controlled the route to the lush Fergana Valley, where a road across the Pamir Range led to China. Probably, the Macedonians also wanted some rest after a war that had lasted five years.

Alexander was unaware of the subtle balance that in Sogdia existed between the nomads and the town dwellers. In southern Bactria, there were some well-established cities; in Sogdia, towns like Maracanda (Samarkand) and Nautaca coexisted with the nomads; but beyond the Jaxartes, nomads did not appreciate urban life. The Ma Saka (or Massagetes, as the Greeks called them) and Apa Saka (Abian Scythians) felt threatened and sent ambassadors; but the Sogdians near the new town choose not to negotiate and killed some Macedonian soldiers.

Alexander immediately retaliated and destroyed seven settlements in the neighborhood. The populations were deported and put to work, building the new city with a wall of 6 km length. Together with invalid Macedonians and Greek mercenaries, they were to be the new inhabitants of Alexandria. The remains of its walls and a couple of Hellenistic sherds have been found near modern Khodzent, but not much else has been excavated.

A fter defeating the Saka and a guerilla war, in which Alexander defeated Spitamenes, rest returned to Sogdia, although it was the rest of a graveyard, and new insurrections were to follow soon. Still, the city continued to exist and maintained close ties to the Seleucid Empire and its local successors, the Graeco-Bactrian kingdom and the Parthian Empire.

The city also also was part of the Silk road, which connected China with the Mediterranean. This also meant that the eastern frontier was open to invaders, and it appears that in the second century, Yuezhi nomads invaded Sogdia from Xinjiang. They took over the region, but it seems that the city retained some of its Greek character, if we are to believe the Roman author Curtius Rufus. The city is still mentioned as an important center by the seventh-century Chinese traveler Xuan Zang.

Nikon D850 DSLR

I have been a Nikon user for the last 15 years, always using professional-grade SLR/DSLR like the Nikon F100, Nikon D200, and Nikon D300s. The reason for this is that my working environment is always full of dust, mud, moisture, and rain. All my camera gear is inside tank bags and panniers bouncing around. So heavy duty construction and weather resistance are an absolute necessity. Endurance is my number one priority!

In 2017 I decided that is it was about time to upgrade my aging camera gear, but since I wanted to upgrade everything, lenses included, it was perfect timing to look at all possibilities. The only serious contenders, that would endure my usage and offer professional-grade performance are Nikon, Canon, and Sony. The last was quickly rejected when I watched some rain-resistance tests between the three brands and Sony fails miserably. I also disliked the feeling when I picked the Sony Alpha a7R III in my hands. it is a baby-sized body, not suitable for users with large hands.

Adventure photography in FX quality!

I also rejected the Nikon D5 and the Canon EOS-1D X Mark II because of their steep price tag. They both fulfill all possible technical requirements but are too expensive to throw around in a tail bag. This left me with three choices: The Nikon D500, the Nikon D810, and the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV. It was a tough call since I had to choose between the better sports camera that is lacking in landscape photography versus the full frame beasts with limited features as sports cameras. Thankfully this back and forth gave Nikon enough time to introduce the 45,7 million pixel FX Titan Nikon D850 (CMOS 35,9 mm x 23,9 mm) !!

Image quality without compromises

The Nikon D850 is a professional-grade full-frame digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) produced by Nikon. The camera was officially announced on July 25, 2017 (the 100th anniversary of Nikon’s founding) and is the successor to the Nikon D810. This 45.4 MP sensor beast was awarded best Professional DSLR camera at the 2018 TIPA World Awards and is the first DSLR camera to achieve 100 points on the DxOMark sensor review. Last, the D850 won Camera Grand Prix Readers Award and Editors Award in 2018.

Image quality is beyond any criticism, so is file size if you need to print or crop. The D850 is so radical because it is the first large megapixel full frame camera that can be used as an action/sports camera at the same time!

7 fps are more than enough when you shot adventure motorcycles, but you can go all the way up to 9 fps if you add the Nikon MB-D18 grip and the special Nikon EN- EL18b battery (plus the regular battery in the body). That is D500 speed with more than twice the file size! That is ridiculously awesome and it is incredible how much can you crop and still get stunning image quality.

Original D850 8256×5504 frame

Incredible detail at such a huge crop

Image Quality


The D850’s crowning achievement is its images. Nikon has once again outdone themselves with an incredible sensor. They have designed both the sensor and the data processing software/firmware behind it. At ISO 64, the Back Side Illuminated sensor just about matches current medium format digital cameras, with crazy 45-megapixel files and insane dynamic range. At higher ISOs, the D850 offers slightly improved shadow recovery and slightly better overall dynamic range compared to the D810.

At ISO 2500 you can remove all signs of noise in Lightroom in 2 sec

Body Size & Handling


Picking up the D850, you started to realize that this camera feels “old school”. It is physically a beast, a heavy magnesium block and feels like a Pro camera should. You know that it will take everything you throw at it and survive. No worries at all. The only issue you might have is that it requires XL/2X glove-size hands to operate with ease since the buttons are widely spread across its huge back.

 

There is nothing that this beast will not do!

 

The Nikon D850 is the DSLR that I would trust at a Mongolian Expedition or in a cold winter mt Olympus Tour.

Visit Nikon for more

BMW F850GS Rally

Our personal relationship with BMW goes way back, but from 2019 we are working closer with BMW Motorrad Hellas. Both co-founders have been owners of many BMW motorcycles in the past like the R1200GS, the R1200GSA, the UnitGarage R120G/S, and the exotic HP2 Enduro. This year we will be riding something very special for BMW Motorrad, it’s first mid-sized adventure motorcycle powered by an in-house power plant. The brand new BMW F850GS Rally!

Deep-woods meditation

At first, we had mixed feeling about this motorcycle, but after a 1.500km adventure, we realized that it sits just in the middle between the BMW R1200GS/GSA and the KTM 950-990 ADV/SE we had been riding for the last years. It feels lighter, shorter and slimmer than all the GS/GSA models and it’s 21/17 size tubless wheels work excellent both on the tarmac and on gravel. It is softer and way more comfortable than any LC8 we have ever ridden, so it is basically better than the R1200GS/GSA off-road and better than the 990 ADV on long tarmac miles, with the addition of the BMW Comfort Seat.

It just hits that perfect place where everything is great. Not perfect, but good enough.

The F850GS engine is friendly and has a strong pull from 4000rpm all the way to the limiter. Kudos to BMW Motorrad for such a brilliant powerplant. We are using the optional BMW Akrapovic exhaust system, but engine and noise characteristics are identical. Nevertheless, it seems like the right choice since the weight reduction and the places it is removed from, work well on this beast.

The new F850GS Rally eats miles like cupcakes!

Arguably the most important part of an adventure motorcycle is the suspension. Let me start by addressing the elephant in the room. It is not a KTM, so it could never come close to the hardcore off-road performance. Period. On the other hand, the softish suspension is very capable and can carry the bike’s weight well on travel-enduro conditions. Your hands do not get tired and vibrations have a hard time reaching your torso and neck. It doesn’t like being rocketed full gas on an obstacle (your typical KTM riding style), but it will easily make 200+ off-road kilometers per day, plus 300+ tarmac. At the end of the day you will still be smiling and with a good night sleep, you will be totally ready for more action in the morning.

The F850GS is a real world traveler and since in nature circumstances often change, so should your motorcycle be able to adjust with ease.

We have opted for the ESA version for one main reason: ease of use. When you change from tarmac to gravel, or you just remove the panniers, you can change the suspension set-up with the press of a button, in comfort from your cockpit. This is not your hardcore KTM 950 Super Enduro that gets set-up once you are done.

BMW’s don’t like off-road. Yea, right…

So is it all perfect? Certainly not, they never are but with minor upgrades, it can be. The mirrors are not well designed, since looking better rarely means working better. They are small and the shape lacks field of view. That is one upgrade coming soon to our bikes. The F850GS is also lacking wind protection because of the short windscreen, that is fine for travel speeds up to 130-140km/h. After that, you are pulling hard with your biceps and the trip stops being enjoyable. On the bright side though there is no helmet wind-turbulence, so aerodynamically the shape works. Its size is also perfect for off-road riding, somewhere in the middle between a Super Enduro with the 690 screen and a 990 with short aftermarket screen.

It will take you to remote mesmerizing places, easier than you think.

The OEM footpegs are small and not suitable for standing up, so we upgraded with the optional BMW Rally pegs. Last, the OEM luggage system just doesn’t feel built for the Greek rough gravel soil. We are also not fond of hard luggage systems for reasons you can read in our Hard or Soft luggage article. This was easily solved with the addition of the Enduristan Monsoon 3 panniers, with 2×30lt of storage. We are adding to the rear the brilliant 15lt Enduristan pannier Topper and the 7lt Enduristan Sandstorm tank bag for a total of 82lt of 100% waterproof cargo space with the minimum weight added on the motorcycle. This is very effective and light, the best combo in my book.

Totally waterproof big cargo space with minimum weight. What more can you ask?

We are very excited to work with this fabulous motorcycle since it’s ride characteristics seem well suited for its future in the Greek mountains with us. Furthermore, it is a perfect platform to work on the development of future products with AltRider and Enduristan, so keep posted for future updates.

The F850GS is an exceptional world traveler, there is no doubt about it

We have been using KLiM Gear for the last 6 years now and one thing that we have come to realize is that the taste every motorcycle adventure leaves is directly related to whether you were in your “comfort temperature”. This is a dominant factor for well-being in all of our activities and rarely gets enough focus. As an Architect with specialization on Bioclimatic Architecture, I know it’s importance and try to educate as many users as possible. If you want to ride in comfort, you must understand Micro Climate.

Your Adventure is as comfortable as your gear is.

If you want to read about our current 2018-2019 riding gear, early this year we did a full review of the KLiM Badlands Pro and last year we did a full review of the radical KLiM Krios Helmet. More reviews about the KLiM Badlands Aero glove and the Sidi Adventure 2 boots coming soon.

Enduristan Catalogue

As adventure riders, we have to travel with all kinds of weather and carry a lot of gear. We always needed a luggage system that is light, 100% weatherproof and rugged. We use a lot of electronics like cameras, laptops, and drones, so our luggage system must provide all the protection electronics require. You can read more about our opinion on the old subject at our Hard of Soft Luggage article.

In 2017 Enduristan GmbH, a Swiss premium motorcycle luggage manufacturer that specializes in Adventure Luggage Systems offered to support our project with many different luggage solutions like saddlebags, tank-bags, tail-bags, and backpacks. In our routes gear gets seriously tested, so we could provide constant feedback back to Enduristan headquarters. In 2018 both Mythical Routes founders and riders became official Enduristan Ambassadors.

Our collaboration with Enduristan GmbH and Most Wanted Warehouse | Enduristan Greece produced a limited edition “Mythical Routes” version of Enduristan’s 2018-2019 product catalogue, that features all of Enduristan products as viewed from our perspective, rich of the Hellenic Landscape.

Mythical Routes Enduristan Catalogue 2018-2019 | EN

KLiM Badlands Pro

I was planning for our next Mythical Routes tracking ride when the new 2018 KLIM Badlands Pro showed up in the office. What a great timing, I thought. This year’s first ride will be with brand new gear! Packed the old Super Enduro and headed to Mount Parnitha for a first ride in the new suit to see how it stands against our current 2017 KLIM Badlands suits.

As soon as I tried the pants, the fit improvements are obvious. It has a looser fit than the previous Badlands and the second top strap (above the knee) has been eliminated. That strap was something that was always bugging me with the old Badlands. That top strap, even fully loose, was pulling and squeezing my thigh every time I sat on the bike. Now that it’s gone, the pants are much more comfortable. Another nice improvement is the bigger size of the pants hem. My MX boots fit perfectly and the pant zipper closes without any effort. The jacket has an almost identical fit with the old one, with just a little more room at the belly area.

Ice and snow are ideal conditions for a great test ride

One thing that strikes you as soon as you use the new suit is the extra protection added with the all new KLIM® D3O® AERO PRO Armor. With 44% more coverage, these things are huge! You really feel the upgrade here. On top of that they ventilate 5 times better due to their innovative design.

One of the key components of the Badlands series was the enhanced protection provided by Superfabric® extreme abrasion panels placed on the highest abrasion zones. These panels were first used at the Adventure Rally and then inherited to the previous Badlands. The new upgraded panels feature variable density fabric that provides a combination of free movement and extreme resistance. The new panels are also larger in total area thus providing an upgraded abrasion protection.

Built and backed up by KLiM’s legendary name and warranty

KLIM has always used motorsports-exclusive GORE-TEX® 3-Layer Pro Shell technology for all previous Badlands incarnations, so waterproofness and breathability was never an issue. No change here for the new model. We feel 100% sure, as with all previous models, that it will withstand all weather conditions and we will always arrive safe and dry, wherever the trail brings us.

Ventilation was always one of Badlands strong points, better even than the legendary KLIM Adventure Rally that we have used extensively in the past. The positioning of the majority of vents have no variation from the previous model, which already worked just about perfect. The new jacket eliminates the lateral vents and replaces them with two front ones, just below the chest. This new configuration should work even better than the previous model, but given the cold we faced during the ride, we did not use the intake vents much. Maybe in the near future we will make a review of the venting system, once the weather becomes warmer once again.

Tan colorway blends perfectly with Greek National Forest colors

Ventilation is also enhanced, due to the use of the new dynamic D3O AERO PRO armor’s open structure. Airflow can now move completely through the best armor in the industry, protecting but also cooling the body by expelling heat at all speeds.
Furthermore the use of KLIM engineered KLIMATEK COOL base layer cooling fabric into the armor pockets, utilizes chemical-free moisture transfer and cool evaporation technology that does not wear out over time. The result is a fabric with hyper-wicking properties that is cooling your skin.

We focus only in the trail ahead and let our gear worry about the weather..

The only issue we had with the new Badlands Pro is the design of the rear cargo pocket. KLIM eliminated the top zipper and replaced it with two lateral zippers. In theory it should work better being easier to reach, but given the lower volume of the pocket, we had trouble storing the exact same items that we used to store in the previous model.

Updates are everywhere for the all-new 2018 Badlands Pro

Is this the perfect Adventure suit? If you had to find the one suit that does it all, from Adventure to Off-road to Touring and everything in-between, this would be it. We said the exact same thing for the previous Badlands model, but this is just the confirmation of how well engineered and executed the Badlands concept has always been. This 2018 new model is a true successor of the Badlands legacy and the key reasons are:

  1. it features the best protective armor produced to date, matching – or even surpassing – the Adventure Rally. That is a statement on it’s own.
  2. it is 100% weatherproof without sacrificing breath-ability. It will keep you dry and comfortable day after day.
  3. it features heavy-duty abrasion resisting fabrics without being too heavy. Weight feels almost identical to the previous model, even with the added weight of the larger protective pads.
  4. it is full of features and pockets and zippers and everything to make your life easier, without being too flashy.
  5. it features kidney belt and chest protector, as any real Adventure suit should feature. Being hit in the chest by a stone is no joke.
  6. it features increased low-light visibility without the need to use Hi-Vis colors, so “I don’t want to get dirty” is not an excuse anymore for those that opted for the Hi-Vis color.
  7. it has more venting ports than I can remember, better placed than the previous models and much more than any other waterproof adventure suit that we have ever used.
  8. it is backed up by KLiM’s legendary name and KLiM’s warranty system that works every time.

We really couldn’t be happier with this year’s Badlands Pro. Now, let’s get dirty !!

Husqvarna 701 Rally Replica

As most Adventure Riders out there, we are in the hunt for the perfect all-round and do-it-all Adventure Bike.

One of the key features is weight. A perfect adventure bike must be light enough to tackle some single-track use or hard obstacles. As we have mentioned in our article Adventure Bikes, always keep in mind that if you can not pick up your bike fully loaded in any situation, then it is not an adventure bike!

You will need to pick-up your bike many times in a day

Speaking of off-road use, another key feature is good suspension. A proper Adventure bike must have proper off-road suspension and everything that comes with it. If the bike can not handle dirt-road abuse, then your adventure will be rather sort.

One of the most important features in any adventure ride, is the absence of frequent gas stations, so our bikes must be able to carry a lot of fuel. The more we can carry, the best we are. With large tanks you always have the option to leave them half-empty in the event of a difficult single-track day.

Single-track is part of any Adventure Ride

Last required feature is good wind protection for those tarmac miles that you will need to travel. This protection will be also very useful while riding off-road, protecting your GPS and other devices from stones, branches and other things that keep coming your way.

Husqvarna 701 Rally Replica

A thought that instantly comes in our minds is that Rally bikes have almost all the required features of the perfect Adventure bike. We choose the 701 to begin this project for the same reason it’s progenitor, the KTM 690, has so many hardcore fans and so many companies are building hard parts for it, all around the world. The 701 took its place as the latest incarnation of an almost extinct breed, refined and perfected in all aspects and maybe this is the actual reason why KTM never fixed some of the serious problems of the 690.

Many (like us) are addicted to the look of Rally bikes and just recently we got acquainted with a native Greek company, AURORA Rally Equipment that specializes into doing exactly what we wanted. It produces a complete Rally Replica kit that converts a stock Husqvarna 701 to the ultimate Adventure and Rally weapon, with 3 tanks, 2 fuel pumps, a navigation tower and a big RR screen. it seamed obvious that this was the ultimate 701 and just the right bike for what we were looking for.

This 701RR is the absolute best Adventure bike ever built

The 701RR has the aggressive look and the light factor that today’s adventure bikes simply do not have any more, just because the companies are constantly adding street oriented features to their motorcycles making them heavier and with bigger boar engines, year after year.

The 701 as stock is ready to take you into some of the most wonderful back roads Greece has to offer, but it lacks is some areas especially fuel range. This kit doubles the range of the bike with two OEM rally tanks (total fuel carried is 28 liters).

As we started our first journey on this bike to test it’s capabilities, we found out it was a real pleasure to be able to choose which pump to use, front or rear tanks, in order to change the balance characteristics of the motorcycle at will. In Travel Enduro situations, the motorcycle has to constantly adapt to both the added weight-load from the equipment that is is caring and the ever-changing conditions of the road. In addition, having a dual fuel pump system gives you peace of mind since in the event of a malfunction, you still go the second pump to take you safely at your next base.

The actual added weight to the bike is not much. If you have an after-market can like we do and a Li-Po battery, then the added weight is 12.833kg. Adding the fuel (27lt) we are at 178kg total. Not bad at all !!

Another lacking characteristic of the 701 that gets addressed with the 701RR kit is rider comfort. Your butt now gets a royal ride with an ergonomically enhanced high-tech polymer seat that does not get in the way when standing on the pegs, but makes a comfy siting position for those tarmac-legs that you were dreading.

Night riding experience also gets a serious update with a dedicated high beam LED light, a 10.000 lumens Baja Squadron that literally turns they darkest night into a bright day. No more worries about those last off-road miles while getting dark.

AURORA Rally Equipment Roadbook and Nav-Tower are build as tanks

Another feature to get addressed is bash-plate protection. This kit features a full-carbon plate that integrates perfectly with the shape of the front tanks. Now this is a part that we were skeptical about, since Greece has a rocky soil, so close encounters with boulders is a very common thing. Added the fact that the bike is fully loaded with fuel and luggage, this seriously reduces ground clearance in deep ruts and small jumps, because the springs are working overtimes. In reality though, the carbon-fiber bash plate did not show any kind of stress marks or cracks. It stood perfect while tackling the harsh Greek mountain roads.

Last feature of the perfect Adventure bike is reliability. So, “plug & play” was the only option that we were looking for and this kit has it. The Aurora 701RR kit is the only one in the market today that uses OEM Rally Factory parts and does not modify the frame in any way. This way you do not loose the official Husqvarna warranty and this is something very important in our book.

Combine that with the confidence that this kit will survive everything you throw at it, with brackets that come with a limited life warranty, you got really nice deal here.

Luggage System

On our off-road / adventure motorcycles we are using exclusively Soft Luggage for a variety of reasons. You can give yourself a read about that in our Hard or Soft Luggage blog post.

We like to ride as compact as possible

In our Mythical 701 Rally Replica bikes we are using Enduristan Sandstorm 4H tankbag to safe keep our cameras and other electronics from water, dust or whatever we encounter. For all of our tools, spear air tubes and clothes we are using Enduristan Blizzard L Saddle Bags to keep everything safe and maintain a low center of gravity. For our saddle bags we are not using any kind of frame, so we can keep the added weight to a minimal. Last storage item used is the Enduristan Tail Pack, a fast-accessibly bag with a zipper design to safe keep some items that we would need to use frequently, like a second dry-fit shirt, a Gore Tex soft shell, or a power-bar.

AURORA 701 Rally Replica Highlights

Speaking with Dimitris, head-developer of the 701RR, is always cool since you always learn many things about the fascinating Rally world. This is his analysis of the 701RR kit:

Fuel System

A fully loaded Aurora 701RR will hold approximately 28 liters of fuel. We chose to use the KTM factory parts. The fuel pump is located on the right tank, while the left is waiting to be upgraded with a third pump should you travel to the ends of Earth! Tripe layered racing heat reflector is installed to protect the tanks from the heat generated.
The fuel piping uses billet non-return valves and OEM quick release couplings, but also adds two extra fuel filters in the system. A secondary fuel piping can be installed as a spare system on the bike, ready to be connected in case the primary one is damaged. Thermal protection is installed in all the critical areas of the fuelling lines to prevent over-heating.
Aurora 701RR comes with two fuel pumps manually selectable. We added the OEM Keihin, rally pump and its fuel warning light to ensure that the rider will get to the next resting point whatever the circumstances. It is known that the KTM690 fuel pumps were failing sooner or later, so the extra fuel pump is necessary. Due to the laws of hydraulics and the geometry of the bike, the tanks cannot be interconnected (and they are not, even on the rally bike) so the two fuel pumps are necessary for optimal performance.

Tank Brackets

This is the only kit in worldwide today that uses the OEM KTM factory tanks and does not modify the frame in any way. While other ‘garage’ built kits will force the builders to modify the frame of the bike, invalidating the warranty in most of the countries that the bike is sold, the Aurora 701 leaves the frame unharmed.
Pioneering in materials use and design, these tank brackets are the strongest in the market to date.  While sheet metal is cheap to make. It does not have neither the integrity nor the strength of billet parts. We, at Aurora Rally Equipment, made no compromise in designing and building something that will last the lifetime of the vehicle. Installation is a breeze, no need to remove the internals of the rear tank or other major parts of the bike to install them.
The CNC brackets, made from Aluminium or ST37, allow some flexibility in case of a crash, yet they are warrantied for the life of the vehicle.

Head Clamp

One of the most important parts on the bike. Holding the navigation tower and electrics. When collaborating with winning teams, we know that failure is not an option. Aurora Rally Equipment is active in the Rally scene since 2013 and our equipment has won multiple times in the mighty Africa Eco Race and Dakar. We have used data logging equipment to understand the forces involved during riding and crashing. Using temperature loggers and three axis accelerometers on Rally bikes, we designed a pioneering head clamp like no other. Machined out of a solid block of aluminium, using the stock mounting points on the bike, our innovative design uses a third anchor point to increase strength and stability. Once again, this clamp is warrantied for the life of the vehicle.

Navigation Tower

The navigation tower on the 701RR is like no other. Easy cable access, strong yet flexible to protect your valuable gear, this tower can be transformed either to a digital setup using HighwayDirtbikes unique ipad and iphone cases, or to a rally cockpit using the winning Aurora Rally Equipment products. This tower comes with special rivet nuts so there is no need to put nuts and washers in the critical, no easy to access places.

Lights

If you decide to take it the long way and wonder in the dark, you have the perfect combination of lights. OEM Hella light with a Baja Squadron Sport keep you both legal and safe. The option to replace the Sport with the Pro model, as well as add another two Squadrons can lit up the road with almost 10.000 lumens! The RGB position light allows you to create a unique setup according to your mood and the soon to be released thin sheet lights will give the bike an appearance like no other bike on the road.

 

* More information about the AURORA 701 RR kit can be found here

Tour FAQs

What time of year can I do a Mythical Routes Adventure?

The best time for Adventure travel in Greece is between the months of May to December. The routes can be done between January and March, but snow-pack in the mountains may keep you from doing the entire route as planned. Always consider that the Greek summer (June to August) is very hot and you might experience extreme temperatures, up to 38-45 degrees Celsius.

How long does it take to ride each route?

Most people average 150-200 km a day on mixed back-country / off-road motorcycle routes. If you can ride 6 to 8 hours every day, then most routes would take 4-6 days to cover, with the exception of the Athenian Riviera tour (God of Atlantis), but it depends on road and weather conditions at the time.

What ancient Greek historical sites will we visit?

We are the most scientifically qualified and technically trained Motorcycle Adventure Travel Company in Greece. Our scientific team and Tour Guides are educated at least by a higher training institution and all of what we showcase is certified by public organizations like the University of Aquila in Italy and the University of Ioannina in Greece. Our cooperation with some departments of the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) helps us built solid adventures based on facts and scientific knowledge.

In our Tours, we will be visiting all important Hellenic archeological sites, both famous Greek jewels and well-hidden ancient secrets.

Furthermore, our staff and guides are photography professionals and/or enthusiasts, and we are working closely with Nikon Greece. So, if requested, photography workshops or photography projects can be planned.

How difficult is the riding in your Adventures?

All our routes are designed with the average rider in mind, so there are no single-tracks. All routes can be ridden on any adventure and/or dual-sport motorcycle, from the KTM 690 Enduro to the BMW R1200GSA. Many of the tracks are in remote areas and reach a high elevation where road maintenance is minimal if non-existent. You can expect to cover sections of road with deep ruts, loose rocks, and other challenges. You may also encounter sections that have trees or branches over the road.

Enduro Training

If you are new to off-road riding on big adventure motorcycles, we can arrange for a single-day Enduro Training on the BMW F850GS or the R1200GS. You can also opt for a tarmac only tour, but you will be missing all the fun!

What motorcycle should I use?

Any adventure or dual-sport motorcycle that is road registered, carries a license plate, runs DOT approved knobby tires, is capable of carrying luggage for all the gear you will need and has a fuel range of minimum 240 km between gas stops is suitable for our routes. Keep in mind that for the most part, Greece has rocky soil, so well maintained and properly set-up suspension is required. You might have to cross a small river with very rocky soil, so weight distribution is crucial.

If your motorcycle is not ready or suitable for our tours you can always Rent a Ride from us. We can provide almost any motorcycle from the GS range, like the versatile F850GS Rally we are currently using as a Tour Leader Guide motorcycle, the mighty R1200GS Rally or the R1200GSA beast.

Rent a Ride

The GS range is perfect for Greece’s terrain featuring a high loading capacity, ease of use and top of the line rider comfort. Read about what is the best choise for you in our article Adventure Motorcycles.

What about accommodation?

We always provide two options for accommodation. A budget solution where you can visit many cosmopolitan locations for a walk or a dinner but have to ride back to a more isolated hotel location, or the all-inclusive luxury option where you always stay overnight in these cosmopolitan villages.

If you want to make the best of your trip to Greece, we believe that it is important not to miss locations like the one above.

How far between gas stops?

A mileage of 200 km between refuels will get you covered in the majority of the routes, but carrying extra gas safely in Rotopax canisters is always recommended since you could deviate from the route because of extreme weather conditions.

Is there water on the route?

There are many water sources along the routes, but carrying extra water is necessary. A Klim 2-3lt Hydration Pack that is provided in our all-inclusive package, will get you covered until the next water source. Some of these sources are marked on the route, but almost any running water found in Greece is suitable for drinking.

Is there cell phone coverage along the routes?

Deep inside national forests or mountain ridges, there will be long sections with no cellular coverage at all. Getting near any of the many villages will help you get rather good reception.

Where can I find the GPS tracks for each route?

If you are using your own motorcycle, GPS tracks for our Mythical Routes Adventures can be provided the day before departure. Any modern GPS unit capable of displaying a minimum of 500 points each is suitable for use.

In any case, if you are renting a motorcycle from us or using your own, there will always be leading Tour Guide that wil take care of navigation for you.

Do I have to camp?

As a general rule free-camping and Campfires are not allowed in Greece, but the majority of the Greek Adventure Community is doing it. In each of our routes, we have suggestions for free-camping locations or overnight stays in Mountain Refuges. Hotels are always the default option, except if the client requests the one night “free-camping experience”.

What about wild animals?

Greece is one of the safest countries concerning wild animals, with only a very small number of brown bears, wolves, and vipers. Also, 95% of snakes in Greece are completely harmless, but keep your distance just to be safe, since antivenom treatment is hard to find in remote areas. Safe food practices while camping is strongly advised.

Are the routes suitable for 4×4 vehicles?

Our routes, for the most part, are doable in ATVs and 4×4 vehicles with adequate tires and clearance. You must always keep in mind is that the trail conditions can change dramatically due to rain and flash floods which cause the roads to become difficult or even unpassable.

All of our Tours come with a leading Tour Guide rider and the possibility of a 4×4 Support Vehicle if required.

If you have any more questions, just contact us!

Packing List

Whether you’re about to ride from England to Africa, through the Alps in Europe, or just across your own country, getting ready for an adventure can be challenging. After many expeditions and trips, here are some tips we got that will get you started.

The main principle is Travel LIGHT

No one wants to be under prepared but you don’t want to be on a 400 kg adventure bike! Don’t ever forget that you will be picking up your motorcycle with all your gear attached to it. Furthermore, the more you carry the heaviest your bike will be, so when the going gets tough … it won’t be fun for you!

Keep your gear as minimal as you can

Another usual question is “where do I pack my things?“, so this gets translated into: HARD or SOFT Luggage? You can get some great info in this link and make up your mind. We will also explain the reasons that made us use exclusively Soft Luggage for our off-road tours.

Gadgets

These are the essential gadgets you will need to make your navigation and trip documentation easy. Carefully plan your post-production needs and try to think what are the shots you want to take back home.

  • Map holder/map case
  • GPS unit
  • Cell phone & charger
  • Camera & charger

Clothing

Since the clothes make the traveler, remember the cardinal rules of adventure travel clothes: 1) No cotton (in the wilderness, cotton kills, since if it gets wet, you get colder; synthetics rule; wool is great, too); 2) Clothes you can layer; 4) Lots of pockets; and 5) Very few. Clothes take up the most space in your luggage, so don’t pack many. Just get used to doing a bit of laundry every few nights in a hotel sink.

  • Rain shell (when not using your Gore-Tex Riding Gear)
  • Riding socks (×2)
  • Base Layers for riding (shirt and pant)
  • Riding jersey
  • Casual pants/shorts
  • Swim suit
  • Flip flops/sandals
  • Fleece jacket
  • Underwear
  • Wool beanie
  • Ball cap
  • Socks

Riding Gear

The basic rule here is to be Waterproof, Breathable and Safe. So, Gore-Tex is the king here. It will let you breathe but it will always keep you dry. The is no worse Adventure Rider than a wet one! Safe-wise, enduro protection gear is very safe when you are talking about “braces” and not just plastic protective that is, you will not be comfortable enough for a 2-3 or more days Adventure ride. We prefer riding suits with integrated D3O protection in them. So the bottom line is: Gore-Tex + D3O + as many air-vents as possible is the ideal riding suit for adventure. Read more about Rider Micro Climate in our Blog.

  • Helmet
  • Riding Jacket (Gore-Tex with protection gear)
  • Riding Pants (GoreTex with protection gear
  • Boots (MX or ADV)
  • Goggles
  • Gloves (2 sets)
  • Hydration pack (minimum 3 liters)
  • Ear plugs

Personal

Don’t ever forget your personal hygiene stuff and all the necessary medication you might require. Shops are always a long ride from the mountain top.

  • Toiletries
  • Soap
  • Toothpaste, Toothbrush & Floss
  • Towel (microfiber Pack Towel)
  • Toilet paper
  • Bug spray
  • Pain reliever
  • Allergy meds
  • Wet Wipes
  • Sun Glasses
  • Money (credit cards & cash)

Camping Gear

Camping is a nice option to get as close to nature as possible. In Greece free-camping in a National Forest isn’t exactly legal, but it is a very common habit in the Greek Adventure community.

  • Sleeping bag
  • Pillow
  • Roll pad
  • Tent
  • Dry bags (2) for tent, sleeping pad & sleeping bag
  • Folding hand saw
  • Eating utensils
  • Lighter / waterproof matches
  • Can opener
  • Pots & pans
  • Coffee cup
  • Headlamp (2)
  • Kitchen set & spices
  • Stove & stove fuel bottle

Motorcycle

Better safe than sorry! Remember that all motorcycle maintenance gear is rather heavy, so it is better to have is packed separately than the rest of your gear and as lower positioned as possible.

  • Engine oil
  • Clip-style master link
  • Fuses
  • Chain lube
  • Spare inner-tubes (even for tubeless tires)
  • Tire Levers (minimum 2)

Tools & Misc.

Don’t forget to pack all the little things that will make your life much easier.

  • Tool roll/tool set
  • Tire levers
  • Tire patch kit
  • Air pump
  • Tire gauge
  • Quicksteel
  • Leatherman tool
  • Swiss Army knife
  • Large inflation CO2 (for tubeless tires)
  • First Aid kit
  • Zip ties
  • Duct tape
  • Wire
  • Loctite
  • WD-40
  • Tow strap

Food

Always bring something for the road. Mishaps are part of the Adventure, so you might get stuck in a place for much longer than you anticipated.

  • Energy bars
  • Other ingredients based on meal plan

Remember: Carry only the Gear you need, but don’t forget what is Important !

* Don’t forget to notify your bank that you will be traveling abroad so they don’t block your card. A load of extra hassle that can easily be avoided. Also print off a copy of your documents to keep the original safe from harm whilst riding.

Enduro Training

All our routes are designed with the average rider in mind, so there are no single-tracks. All routes can be ridden on any adventure or dual-sport motorcycle, from the KTM 690 Enduro to the BMW R1250GSA. Many of the tracks are in remote areas and reach a high elevation where road maintenance is minimal if non-existent, so you can expect to cover sections of road with deep ruts, loose rocks, and other challenges.

Either if you are new to adventure riding or just want to refresh your skills, we offer adventure oriented Enduro Training so that you get ready for anything the road might bring your way.

Enduro Training Basic

Tour Starts/Ends in Glyfada, Athens

May – November

Enduro Basic

1 Riding Days

1-2 Riders/Group

Spoken Greek / English / Italian

National Park of Sounion

Breakfast / Lunch en-route

Rent a Ride

€200 / incl. VAT (own motorcycle)

This lesson is suitable for riders without experience, and essential for every rider who wants to learn how to handle his motorcycle correctly, even on difficult off-road terrain. In Enduro Training Basic we will learn:

  • How to lift up, balance and drive the motorcycle on off-road routes.
  • How to drive the motorcycle at low speeds.
  • Proper clutch control in particular situations.
  • Correct motorcycle body position depending on the circumstances.
  • Braking techniques.
  • Practice on the slippery ground to perfect these techniques.
  • Motorcycle cornering control exercises.

You can participate with your own motorcycle or you can rent a motorcycle from us. Enduro Training Basic is designed for 1 or 2 Riders per group.

The ideal lesson for helping an inexperienced motorcycle rider discover the joys of off-road riding.

Enduro Training Advanced

Tour Starts/Ends in Glyfada, Athens

May – November

Enduro Advanced

2 Riding Days

1-2 Riders/Group

Spoken Greek / English / Italian

National Park of Sounion

Hotel

Breakfast / Lunch en-route

Rent a Ride

€450 / incl. VAT (own motorcycle)

This Two Days Training will help you take your off-road skills and competencies to a significantly higher level and make you feel extra safe about riding off-road. In Enduro Training Advanced we will learn:

  • How to steer the motorcycle in difficult uphill or downhill conditions and when changing direction.
  • How to adjust the motorcycle brake to the correct angle.
  • The correct management of particular situations and difficult conditions so that all riders can learn how to make their own judgment.
  • We conclude with a lot of riding on trails with different types of terrain and difficult lighting conditions (low light – night).

You can participate with your own motorcycle or you can rent a motorcycle from us. Enduro Training Advanced is designed for 1 or 2 Riders per groups.

The ideal lesson for those who want to take their skill to the next level.

Mythical Partners

The Mythical Routes project has been welcomed and promoted by many established brands in the worldwide adventure community like KLIM, Enduristan, and AltRider.

Overland Journal – Winter 2017

Nikon Greece – Media 2018

Our adventures have been highlighted by overland magazines like the Overland Journal and by Nikon the most iconic brand in the photography industry.


KLIM (Teton Outfitters, LLC) is the global leader in designing, developing and manufacturing the most advanced motor sports apparel for the snowmobile and motorcycle rider. Utilizing the world’s highest technologies in waterproof, breathable, durable and comfortable materials, KLIM builds gear for the most demanding riders. Riders like us that want to focus on our ride, our photography, our adventure. Worrying about the elements is just another distraction. We want a riding experience without compromise.

KLIM has been one of our first supporters, right from the beginning when Mythical Routes was nothing more than an idea, a concept. KLIM is one of those brands that thrive in the challenge and eager to help when something this big comes up. In the last four years, we have extensively used all of the Badlands / Badlands Pro series and enjoyed each and every one of them. We have been putting KLIM gear to the test constantly over these last few years and crash tested them a couple of times. We have also used their legendary Adventure Rally suit and have been blown away be the protection and technology it incorporates. Our thoughts about all of these models are freely expressed in our Gear Reviews and new gear will be tested in the future, as we keep getting impressed by how much this gear can take.


Enduristan GmbH was founded in 2008 by Christoph von Ow, Isabel Jenni, and David Jenni. The company aims to design and produce innovative, high-quality products for individualists for the touring markets. As they say:

Enduristan can’t be found on any map, but when the daily grind is left behind, and the adventure begins, that’s when you realize that you are there. When we travel through Enduristan, the horizon is clear, the colours are more intense, life feels good and we are free.

As you can read in our article hard or soft luggage, we are not particularly fond of hard luggage when we ride mostly off-road and for good reasons. When we first talked to Christoph and David about our project, they were sure that it was a perfect match both for their passion and for their products. We have been abusing the Blizzard saddlebags for quite some time now and they have remained 100% weatherproof no matter what we do to them.


AltRider is a Seattle-based company manufacturing 100% American-made accessories and gear for adventure touring motorcycles. Being riders themselves, the AltRider team expects performance and value from the products they use. Each AltRider protection part functions well, looks good on your bike, and can truly stand up to brutal riding conditions. Adventure riding isn’t just a hobby for them, it’s a lifestyle. Their goal is to give us the freedom of adventure, by designing and manufacturing superior protection parts and soft luggage that are actually built for the ride.

We like testing every new upgrade before we use it in an expedition. Maybe with the R1200GS bash plate, we tried a bit harder. We use proper adventure bikes in our expeditions, so weight is usually above average. The heavier the motorcycle, the harder the impact, so we need our protections built tough. AltRider bash plates and crash bars have always withstood every abuse we might have given them. We are currently working with them on testing some serious protection on BMW’s brand new F850GS model, so you should be expecting some serious test-riding.


BMW Motorrad Vagianelis SA is the biggest BMW Motorrad dealer in Greece. Our relationship goes way back but starting January 2019 he is officially supporting our project. Both co-founders have been owners of many BMW motorcycles in the past (F850GS, R1200GS, R1200GSA, HP2 Enduro, R120G/A Unit Garage) and for this year we will be riding something more inclined to our needs.

You can rent from us a GS motorcycle and ride along our epic routes, always accompanied by one of our guides. Read more about your GS motorcycle renting options here:

Rent a Ride

Join the Spirit of GS with us!


Aurora Rally Equipment is a Greek-based company with a broad background in design and engineering, with a dedicated laboratory to test their equipment with specially designed rigs where they can create models out of different materials to simulate the real parts before we start manufacturing. Their aim is to develop and fabricate high-quality parts with the highest standards in rally racing. They will always use innovative technologies, materials, and solutions and match it with unparalleled design and quality.

When we explained to Dimitris Lasithiotakis, co-founder of Aurora Rally, about our project and the application of rally solutions in adventure traveling conditions, he was eager to give it a try. So we ended up building two rally motorcycles based on the famous for its off-road capabilities Husqvarna 701 enduro. The Mythical 701 RR proved to be up to the task and then some. We were happy to discover that the theory was correct. Any rally motorcycle, without a competition motor, can be a great adventure bike! It is light, tough and has superior fuel range. If you like traveling light, this is definitely the solution for you!


Nikon is the most iconic brand in the photography industry today. It is the brand most used by the landscape, wildlife and action photographers and our personal choice for the last 10-15 year. As you can read in our Nikon D850 post, we are currently working exclusively on Nikon cameras (D850, D750, D300S, D200) and Nikon FX Gold Ring lenses, both zoom, and prime.

In late 2018 we were truly honored to be featured by Nikon Greece and from 2019 we are planning on working closely together in many sub-projects, always under the Mythical Routes concept. In addition to that, we have started a new photographic collaboration, with Angelo having a dedicated Adventure Travel category in the Greek photography magazine iFocus.

Get ready for more!